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sustainable development goal 16

Develop effective, accountable and transparent institutions at all levels. Sustainable Development Goal 16 - United Nations and the Rule of Law. Every passing week saw at least eight people murdered at the front lines of efforts to build more inclusive and equal societies – a worrying increase from the previous average of one victim per day observed from 2015 to 2017. Access to internationally recognized national human rights institutions, however, remains overdue in 78 countries, in particular in Eastern and South-Eastern Asia, Latin America and the Caribbean, Oceania and sub-Saharan Africa. There has been an overall increase in the detection of victims of trafficking in persons, which could reflect either a positive (enhanced efforts by authorities to identify victims) or negative (larger trafficking problem) development. End abuse, exploitation, trafficking and all forms of violence against and torture of children Source: Report of the Secretary-General, The Sustainable Development Goals Report 2018, Source: Report of the Secretary-General, "Progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals", E/2016/75, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Information for integrated Decision-Making and Participation, Institutional Frameworks and international cooperation for Sustainable Development, National Sustainable Development Strategies (NSDS), High-level Political Forum on Sustainable Development, UN Conferences and High-Level Events related to sustainable development, Multi-stakeholder Forum on Science, Technology and Innovation for the SDGs, Second Committee of the UN General Assembly ⭧, Goal 16 infographic, source: https://unstats.un.org/sdgs/report/2020/, Special edition: progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals, The Sustainable Development Goals Report 2018. Develop effective, accountable and transparent institutions at all levels The Goal has 12 targets to be achieved by 2030. Fewer than half (46 per cent) of all children under the age of 5 in sub-Saharan Africa have had their births registered. Almost half of low-income economies showed more than plus or minus 10 per cent deviation in budget execution. Killings of human rights defenders, journalists and trade unionists are on the rise. Substantially reduce corruption and bribery in all their forms. Various forms of violence against children persist. In 2019, the United Nations tracked 357 killings (a decrease from 476 in 2018) and 30 enforced disappearances of human rights defenders, journalists and trade unionists in 47 countries. By 2030, significantly reduce illicit financial and arms flows, strengthen the recovery and return of stolen assets and combat all forms of organized crime In Northern Africa, the share was more than 90 per cent. Comparable data on the experiences of men are only available for five countries, but values are lower than those reported among women in the same countries. Voting rights assigned to various groups of countries in international institutions is one indication of inclusivity at the international level. Promote and enforce non-discriminatory laws and policies for sustainable development. The difference between the approved and the implemented budget reflects a government’s ability to achieve development objectives, including delivering services to the public. Fewer than half (44 per cent) of all children in sub-Saharan Africa under 5 years of age had their births registered. Sustainable Development Goal 16 Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels. In all but 7 of 73 countries and areas with available survey data from 2005 to 2015, more than half of children between the ages of 1 and 14 were subjected to some form of psychological aggression and/or physical punishment at home. At least 1,019 human rights defenders, journalists and trade unionists have been killed in 61 countries since 2015. Promote the rule of law at the national and international levels and ensure equal access to justice for all. Based on the limited data available, in 14 of 46 countries with comparable data, at least 5 per cent of women between the ages of 18 and 29 experienced sexual intercourse or other sexual acts that were forced, physically or in other ways, for the first time before they were 18 years of age. Goal 16: Peace, justice and strong institutions Published 29 October 2015 Goal 16 is to promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build … Conflict, insecurity, weak institutions and limited access to justice remain a great threat to sustainable development. During the past years, many parties within the United Nations have progressively described how the rule of law and human rights are imperative to achieving and sustaining peace, as well as to realizing the vision now set forth in the Sustainable Development Goals. <br> Proportion of members and voting rights of developing countries in international organizations. Nearly 8 in 10 children aged 1 to 14 years were subjected to some form of psychological aggression and/or physical punishment on a regular basis at home in 81 countries (primarily developing), according to available data from 2005 to 2017. Renewed efforts are essential to move towards the achievement of Sustainable Development Goal 16. 16. The threats of international homicide, violence against children, human trafficking and sexual violence are important to address to promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development. Goal 14: Oceans. However, based on data from 2010 to 2019, the births of around one in four children under 5 years of age were never officially recorded. Even if many regions have reached universal or near universal birth registration, globally the average is just 73 per cent. Substantially reduce corruption and bribery in all their forms At least 43 countries have adopted such guarantees in the past 10 years, 40 per cent of them in Africa. Source: Progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals, Report of the Secretary-General, https://undocs.org/en/E/2020/57. Attacks on civil society are also holding back development progress. High levels of armed conflict and insecurity have a destructive impact on a country’s development, effecting economic growth and often resulting in long standing grievances. Renewed efforts are essential to move towards the achievement of Sustainable Development Goal 16. SDG 16 articulates the key role that governance and the rule of law play in promoting peaceful, just, and inclusive societies and in ensuring sustainable development. The number of intentional homicides per 100,000 people increased from 6.0 in 2015 to 6.1 in 2017. Through its entirety, the importance of enhancing access to justice, ensuring safety and security, and promoting human rights for sustainable development are reflected, while Sustainable Development Goal 16 marks the intersection between sustaining peace and the 2030 Agenda. <br> Primary government expenditures as a proportion of original approved budget, by sector (or by budget codes or similar), Proportion of the population satisfied with their last experience of public services. Although official data on the prevalence of bribery are limited, figures from 19 countries indicate that the rate of prevalence of bribery may reach as high as 50 per cent among citizens who had contact with public officials, undermining trust in state institutions. Millions of people have been deprived of their security, human rights and access to justice. This slight uptick was largely the result of an increase in the homicide rates in Latin America and the Caribbean and in some countries in sub-Saharan Africa. <br> Proportion of victims of violence in the previous 12 months who reported their victimization to competent authorities or other officially recognized conflict resolution mechanisms, Unsentenced detainees as a proportion of overall prison population. In most regions, birth registration rates tend to be highest among the richest 20 per cent of the population. Over 90 per cent of victims detected were trafficked for sexual exploitation or forced labour. Latin America and the Caribbean (33 per cent) and sub-Saharan Africa (36 per cent) accounted for more than two thirds of homicide victims globally. <br> Proportions of positions (by sex, age, persons with disabilities and population groups) in public institutions (national and local legislatures, public service, and judiciary) compared to national distributions, Proportion of population who believe decision-making is inclusive and responsive, by sex, age, disability and population group. While some regions have fall into seemingly endless cycles of violence and conflict, other are enjoying sustained level of peace, security and prosperity. Efforts are under way to make national and international institutions more effective, inclusive and transparent. This occurred in a context where the total prison population grew in absolute values while remaining constant as a share of the total population. While homicide and trafficking cases have seen significant progress over the past decade, there are still thousands of people at greater risk of intentional murder within Latin America, Sub-Saharan Africa and around Asia. Among the 123 countries for which data on the legal framework is available, 40 do not include the right to appeal to an independent administrative body, which has been assessed as key for the proper implementation of this right. Data from 38 countries over the past decade suggest that high-income countries have the lowest prevalence of bribery (an average of 3.7 per cent), while lower-income countries bear the heaviest bribery burden when accessing public services (22.3 per cent). In 2019, 40 per cent of countries had a national human rights institution that had successfully achieved compliance with the principles relating to the status of national institutions for the promotion and protection of human rights (the Paris Principles). Progress with respect to the rule of law and access to justice is mixed. Sexual violence is one of the most unsettling of children’s rights violations. Strengthen relevant national institutions, including through international cooperation, for building capacity at all levels, in particular in developing countries, to prevent violence and combat terrorism and crime. One of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals established by the United Nations in 2015, the official wording is: "Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels". Goal 16: Peace, justice and strong institutions. The pandemic is potentially leading to an increase in social unrest and violence, which would greatly undermine the world’s ability to meet the targets of Goal 16. A free press is closely linked to access to information and the protection of human rights, but the trend in this regard is discouraging. In 2018, a total of 39 per cent of all countries had in place an institution that was fully compliant with the internationally agreed standard, seven countries more than was the case in 2015. Promote the rule of law at the national and international levels and ensure equal access to justice for all They pave the way for the provision of access to justice for all and for building effective, accountable institutions at all levels. Yet underreporting and the lack of comparable data limit understanding of the full extent of the problem. In sub-Saharan Africa, over half (54 per cent) of children have not been registered by their fifth birthday. Globally, 73 per cent of children under 5 have had their births registered; the proportion is less than half (46 per cent) in sub-Saharan Africa. In 2018, the number of people fleeing war, persecution and conflict exceeded 70 million, the highest level recorded by the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees in nearly 70 years. To tackle these challenges and build a more peaceful, inclusive societies, there needs to be more efficient and transparent regulations put in place and comprehensive, realistic government budgets. The share of unsentenced detainees in the overall prison population has remained largely constant at 30 per cent in recent years. Significantly reduce all forms of violence and related death rates everywhere Ensure responsive, inclusive, participatory and representative decision-making at all levels. Registering children at birth is a first step in securing recognition before the law and safeguarding individual rights and access to justice. In all but seven of these countries, more than half of children experienced violent forms of discipline. In Southern Asia, for instance, more than 2 out of 3 prisoners remained unsentenced in 2012-2014, despite some improvement over the data available for the period 2003 to 2005. The number of countries with binding laws and policies giving individuals a right to obtain access to information held by public authorities (the right to information) has continued to rise, reaching 127 in 2019. Sexual violence is perhaps the most disturbing of children’s rights violations. Sustainable Development Goal #16, Systemic Racism, and the United States. Goal 13: Climate Change. Globally, children living in urban areas are around 1.5 times more likely to be registered than their rural counterparts. The vast majority (70 per cent) of detected victims of human trafficking were women and girls, most of whom were trafficked for sexual exploitation. The worldwide number of victims of intentional homicide was estimated to be between 4.6 and 6.8 per 100,000 people in 2014, a slight decrease with respect to previous years. 13-17. In 69 countries (mostly low- and middle-income ones) with available data from 2012 to 2019, nearly 8 in 10 children 1 to 14 years of age were subjected to some form of psychological aggression and/or physical punishment at home in the previous month. Peace, justice and effective, accountable and inclusive institutions are at the core of sustainable development. Ninety-nine journalists and bloggers were among the victims. Over the past 10 years, nearly two thirds of 144 countries with available data were able to plan their national budgets effectively (where final expenses remained within 10 per cent of original budgets). One out of 10 countries had a deviation of more than plus or minus 15 per cent. Sustainable Development Goal 16 Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive … From 2017 to 2018, the United Nations recorded and verified 431 killings across 41 countries. In slightly more than one in four countries with comparable data from 2012 to 2019 (45 countries), at least 5 per cent of women between 18 and 29 years of age reported experiencing sexual violence in childhood. The proportion of countries with national human rights institutions has doubled over the past 15 years, reaching 35.5 per cent by the end of 2015. Significantly reduce all forms of violence and related death rates everywhere. In 83 countries (mostly from developing regions) with recent data on the subject, nearly 8 in 10 children from 1 to 14 years of age were subjected to some form of psychological aggression and/or physical punishment at home. Promote the rule of law … However, implementation remains a challenge. The global rate of homicide per 100,000 persons slowly declined, from 6.8 to 5.9 to 5.8 per cent in 2000, 2015 and 2018, respectively, corresponding to approximately 440,000 victims of homicide, 81 per cent of whom were men and 19 per cent of whom were women. Sustainable Development Goal 16 (SDG 16 or Global Goal 16) is about "peace, justice and strong institutions." However, progress is being made in regulations to promote public access to information, albeit slowly, and in strengthening institutions upholding human rights at the national level. For example, while developing countries account for 63 per cent of voting rights in the African Development Bank, this figure is only 35 per cent in the International Monetary Fund and 38 per cent in the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development of the World Bank Group. Many regions of the world continue to suffer untold horrors as a result of armed conflict or other forms of violence that occur within societies and at the domestic level. Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all. Since taking office, Governor Baker and Lieutenant Governor Polito have been making Massachusetts a great place to live, work and raise a family – while delivering a customer-service oriented state … The share of such institutions that are compliant with the principles relating to the status of national institutions for the promotion and protection of human rights (Paris Principles) (adopted by the General Assembly in its resolution 48/134) was highest in developed regions (46 per cent) and in Latin America and the Caribbean (41 per cent). Among victims of robbery, between one quarter and one half reported the crime to the police, in 27 countries with available data. The number of victims of intentional homicide worldwide remained relatively stable from 2008 to 2014. The Rule of Law in UN Intergovernmental Work, Strengthening and Coordinating Rule of Law Activities, United Nations Rule of Law support in the context of COVID-19 pandemic. However, the percentage for developing regions has consistently been more than two times that of developed regions. The Goal … Various forms of violence against children are pervasive, including discipline that relies on physical punishment and psychological aggression. <br> Number of victims of intentional homicide per 100,000 population, by sex and age, Conflict-related deaths per 100,000 population, by sex, age and cause, Proportion of population subjected to physical, psychological or sexual violence in the previous 12 months, Proportion of population that feel safe walking alone around the area they live. Follow. Through the implementation of birth registration with proof of legal identity, children’s rights can be protected and universal access to justice and social services can be enabled. Goal 16 aims to promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels. sdgcounting. Globally, the share of girls and boys among victims of human trafficking (21 per cent and 13 per cent, respectively) peaked in 2011. The official wording is to "Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts". Yet our world is … If growth continues at the same rate, by 2030 only a little over one half (54 per cent) of all countries worldwide will have compliant national human rights institutions. Children’s rights violations through aggression and sexual violence continue to plague many countries around the world, especially as under-reporting and lack of data aggravate the problem. Globally, the proportion of people held in detention without sentencing decreased slightly, from 32 per cent of total detainees in 2003-2005 to 30 per cent in 2012-2014. In a departure from prior findings, recent data show that most trafficking victims were detected domestically: 58 per cent in 2016, up from 43 per cent in 2014. By 2014, the figures had dropped to 18 per cent and 7 per cent, respectively, but were still almost twice the levels recorded for 2004. By no means, the first should be left behind. Advances in promoting the rule of law and access to justice are uneven. The proportion of prisoners held in detention without being sentenced for a crime remained almost constant in the last decade: from 32 per cent in 2003–2005 to 31 per cent in 2014–2016. More than 570 different flows involving trafficking in persons were detected between 2012 and 2014, affecting all regions; many involved movement from lower-income to higher-income countries. Moreover, despite the lack of harmonized data, fatalities and injuries related to armed conflict appear to be increasing in some countries, causing unprecedented population displacements and enormous humanitarian needs. Ensure public access to information and protect fundamental freedoms, in accordance with national legislation and international agreements However, only 75 of these countries have institutions that are fully compliant. By 2030, provide legal identity for all, including birth registration Since 1998, more than half of countries (116 of 197) have established a national human rights institution that has been peer reviewed for compliance with internationally agreed standards (the Paris Principles). <br> Proportion of persons who had at least one contact with a public official and who paid a bribe to a public official, or were asked for a bribe by those public officials, during the previous 12 months, Proportion of businesses that had at least one contact with a public official and that paid a bribe to a public official, or were asked for a bribe by those public officials during the previous 12 months. But many countries still face protracted armed conflict and violence, and far too many people struggle as a result of weak institutions and the lack of access to justice, information and other fundamental freedoms. At the core of the 2030 Agenda lies a clear understanding that human rights, peace and security, and development are deeply interlinked and mutually reinforcing. Sexual violence is one of the most unsettling violations of children’s rights. Source: Report of the Secretary-General, Special edition: progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals. Binding laws and policies giving individuals a right to access information held by public authorities have been adopted by 125 countries, with at least 31 countries adopting such laws since 2013. Despite recent progress, the births of more than 1 in 4 children under the age of 5 worldwide have not been recorded. <br> Proportion of children aged 1-17 years who experienced any physical punishment and/or psychological aggression by caregivers in the past month, Number of victims of human trafficking per 100,000 population, by sex, age and form of exploitation, Proportion of young women and men aged 18‑29 years who experienced sexual violence by age 18. Deviation between the approved and actual spending during the period 2006–2017 in 108 countries shows that actual spending was within plus or minus 5 per cent of the approved budget in about half of the countries. The data suggest a significant gap in citizens’ access to and trust in authorities. Yet during that period, the homicide rate in developing countries was twice that in developed countries, and increased in the least developed countries. 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